Nomenclature Of Ethers

Ethers i.e. R - O - R are generally defined as :

a. Dialkyl Derivative of water i.e. H - O - H    to R - O - R .

b. Alkyl derivative of Alcohol i.e. R-O-H  to R - O - R.

Chemical properties of Ethers are generally identical with Alcohols.

Here I am going  to explain the Types of Nomenclature of Ethers for JEE mains , JEE advance & NEET examination .

Ethers Nomenclature is usually done in following ways :

a. Common names

b. In Epoxy System

c. IUPAC Nomenclature

d. Cyclic System.


Common Nomenclature of Ethers :

In Common system Ethers like R - O - R' can be named as Alkylalkyl ether ( Both Alkyl groups are different ) .

If Both the alkyl groups are same then name can be written as Dialkyl ether.

CH3-O-C2H5 : EThyl methyl ether

CH3-O-CH3 : Dimethyl Ether

CH3-CH2-CH2-O-CH2-CH3 : Ethyl Propyl ether, 

IUPAC Nomenclature

In IUPAC system , Ethers are considered as Alkoxy substituent  & Their Name is written as Alkoxy Alkane .\

CH3 - O - CH2 - CH3 : Methoxy Methane

CH3 - O - CH2 - CH2 - O-CH3 : 1,2-Dimethoxy Ethane.

Ethers Can named on the basis of Cyclic System & Epoxy system in following ways for JEE mains , JEE advance & NEET exams .

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